The problem of hair loss is often experienced by people after 50 years. This pathological process is called alopecia, observed in half of men around the world. There are many causes and risk factors for the development of baldness. It is important to install them correctly. This will help successful treatment, because hair loss is not always an irreversible defect.
In 2005, a gene was found that is responsible for the transmission of baldness. It is associated with the X chromosome, therefore, in most cases, the predisposition to hair loss in men is transmitted through the maternal line. In 2008, a second type of inheritance was found. It depends on the chromosome 20, goes along the line of the father.
Although variations in the transmission of genetic information differ, most hair problems have patterns of heredity. Men in the family bald by the same type, have a similar type of bald spots. In them, alopecia can begin at the same age.
Hormonal changes in the body
In 95% of all cases, men go bald by the androgenic type. Moreover, hair loss is associated with sex hormones. The process is based on the increased sensitivity of the follicle to androgens. Under the action of enzyme 5 α-reductase, testosterone passes into an active form. It is called dihydrotestosterone or dht.
With the accumulation of this hormone, serious changes in the scalp occur. The skin is thinning, blood circulation is deteriorating. Because of this, the hairline is shifted. After 10-12 years, the mouth of the follicles is completely overgrown.
Infections and chronic diseases
Alopecia may be associated with endocrine problems. Alopecia is often caused by diseases of the scalp. Sometimes hair loss is observed in people with autoimmune disorders.
Health problems that cause men to go bald:
- systemic lupus erythematosus;
- thyroid disease;
- fungal infection.
The nature of hair loss sometimes depends on the disease:
Focal baldness no larger than a coin occurs with secondary syphilis. It causes an increased accumulation of pale treponema in the follicles.
- Diffuse baldnessin which uniform hair loss occurs, is associated with bacterial infections.
There are medicines that have a toxic effect on the hair. The use of certain drugs affects their density. Even women become bald with anabolic steroids.
Alopecia in men often occurs with hormonal treatment. When funds are canceled, the loss ceases.
Medicines from which men go bald:
Medications to lower thyroid hormone levels.
- Parkinson's medication.
- NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
- Amphetamines that stimulate the central nervous system.
Radiation therapy for cancer
Treatment of malignant pathologies has a pronounced toxic effect. High doses of radiation stop the growth of actively multiplying cells, not only cancer cells, but also healthy ones.
A side effect of this treatment is damage to the intestinal epithelium, white blood cells and follicles. Chemotherapy for cancer has a similar effect. Hair begins to grow 2-3 weeks after the end of the course of treatment.
Stress and stress
Emotional overload is associated with heart disease, gastrointestinal tract and baldness. Nervous experiences, stress - the causes of thinning hair, their loss. This process is reversible. When stress stops, the hairline will quickly recover.
Some types of hairstyles or treatments
Not only internal factors lead to the formation of bald patches. Hair follicles are adversely affected by external influences. Nutrition of roots worsens the abuse of tight hairstyles. A bundle on the top of the head or pigtails complicate the blood circulation of the scalp, increase the likelihood of hair loss. Aggressive treatment methods are the reasons why guys go bald.
Hot procedures are dangerous, often causing inflammatory processes in the area of the bulbs. After this, scar tissue is sometimes formed, which leads to irreversible processes. Improper hair care does not provoke permanent loss, but recovery can take a lot of time and energy.
Vitamin deficiency or excess
Temporary baldness sometimes causes malnutrition. Deficiency or excess of vitamins, microelements affect the structure, density and appearance of the hairline. The formation of a permanent bald spot does not depend on these factors. They can only degrade the quality of the hair. The reasons for their excessive loss are a lack of iron, vitamin A or a strict diet.
Genetics, family inheritance, especially at the beginning of the process at a young age.
- Sharp weight loss. Weight loss at an accelerated pace is always stress for the body. Often associated with early baldness.
- Age. It is proved that after 40 years, hair loss in men is observed in 50% of cases. Over 70 years old, 75% already have alopecia.
- Chronic pathology - Systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease and hypertension.
- Stressful situations.
Is it possible to stop baldness in men
There are many folk and medical ways to combat alopecia. Before starting treatment, it is important to find out the causes of the pathology.
Physiotherapy, injections or tablets may be powerless if the mouth of the follicles is already overgrown with connective tissue.
Treatment methods for male alopecia:
Mesotherapy - injections of vitamins, biologically active substances in the scalp.
- Use of Minoxidil. The drug in the form of a foam or solution dilates blood vessels, stimulates follicles. This helps stop hormonal, age-related alopecia. The tool requires constant use.
- Finasteride - a medicine that affects the formation of dihydrotestosterone. The drug can cause a decrease in libido, sexual function. After stopping the pill, the bald head appears again on the head.
- Photo and laser treatment. Such methods stimulate dormant bulbs.
These techniques have proven effective against reducing hair on the back of the head and other parts of the head. They give a good result with combination therapy. The problem often returns after stopping the medication. The use of tablets is useless if the follicles are dead. In this case, only transplantation will help.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.