First month of pregnancy

Usually, the first month of pregnancy passes completely unnoticeable for the expectant mother and is called the “month of ignorance” about her new position. Of course, internal changes are quite global, but there are no pronounced changes in the appearance and well-being of women. The thing is that the onset of pregnancy occurs with maturation and leaving a mature egg and its fertilization in the genital tract of a woman. Fertilization occurs approximately two weeks after the start of the last menstruation, and starting its division and growth, the fertilized egg goes through a difficult path from the fallopian tube to the uterus, where implantation and reliable fixation of the embryo in the uterus take place.

Symptoms and signs

The implantation process occurs approximately one to two weeks after fertilization, and the development of the baby begins, which will be born in less than 9 months. Now you are pregnant and a new life is developing inside you, every month you will feel more and more new changes in your body. Now in your body there is an embryo, which will soon become an embryo, and then a fetus, but so far it is just a group of cells. How to identify signs of pregnancy this month?

First of all, there is a delay in menstruation, as well as for the next eight months before the birth of the baby. Usually it is the delay of menstruation in a woman of childbearing age who is actively living a sexual life, is one of the first signs of an interesting situation. But the delay may have other reasons, therefore, this symptom alone is not enough.

In the beginning, the first manifestations of toxicosis may occur - nausea, less often with vomiting. The severity of these symptoms can be different, from almost imperceptible to pronounced. There may be a slight nausea in the morning on an empty stomach, and there may be repeated vomiting of food or even water. Usually, toxicosis begins a little later, but it can be in the first month. It will stop closer to the third month. Treatment will be needed only for its severe course, in other cases, it is worth it just to survive.

A sign of the situation may be an increase and engorgement of the breast, in the first month it increases in size and becomes sensitive, painful, especially in the area of ​​the nipples. In this case, the chest can become dense, full with wreaths protruding under the skin. In the first month, there may be a feeling of fullness of the chest, its fullness, soreness, unpleasant sensations when touching it. This occurs due to the action of hormones and is quite normal.

An increase in both basal and overall body temperature may occur above 37 degrees, but not more than 37.3 degrees without signs of a cold. During the first few weeks, a fever of the body can be felt, while there are no manifestations of any colds or chronic diseases.

Increased vaginal discharge, clear and fluid, may occur, and sipping and soreness in the abdomen may also occur. In this case, there should be no spotting or blood on the linen, pulling pain in the lower back (as with menstruation). Sensations such as loss of appetite or its increase, increased urination, severe drowsiness and fatigue, irritation and nausea from pungent odors, and motion sickness can also occur. An accurate determination of the condition is possible according to the test and blood test for hCG, as well as an ultrasound with the identification of the fetal egg.

Sharp mood swings and increased emotionality, a desire to cry, eat unusual foods and a constant desire to sleep can also occur.

What happens to the body in 1 month

The first weeks of pregnancy - this is the most critical time - the moment of conception of the baby, the process of fertilization and implantation of the formed embryo into the wall of the uterus. At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, from the first day of menstruation, the egg ripens in one of the ovaries, which at the time of ovulation (about 14-16 days) leaves the ovary and enters the cavity of the fallopian tube. It is in her that she meets sperm cells, which move towards her from the uterine cavity. The egg has a half set of chromosomes and the second half of it it receives when merged with a sperm, also having a half set of chromosomes. As a result, a full-fledged cell with a complete set of chromosomes is formed, which begins to move to the uterine cavity, parallel to being divided into cells and growing. As the fertilized cell moves to the uterus, the walls of the uterus prepare for its meeting - the endometrium grows and forms a network of blood vessels to feed the embryo. Three days after conception, the embryo has 72 cells, and then gradually grows, reaching the size of 0.1-0.2 mm by the end of the first month, while the embryo looks like an empty ball inside.

By the third week, a fertilized egg is implanted in the uterine wall, and it should attach to the back wall as close to the bottom of the uterus as possible. With reliable fixation of the embryo, you can already speak with confidence about your pregnancy. The end of the first month marks the transformation of the fetal egg into a small embryo. Now it looks like a flat disk of three words of different cells, from which all internal organs and systems will gradually form. Now the embryo is still very small and sensitive to all negative influences.

Allocations

Normal discharge at the beginning of the term is considered to be mild transparent discharge that has practically no color and odor. If there is an unpleasant odor or the color of the discharge changes, this may indicate infections that are sexually transmitted, thrush or bacterial vaginosis. This must be cured quickly so that inflammation does not cause a termination of pregnancy and fetal development problems.

Bloody discharge is also considered abnormal, especially the allocation of dark or scarlet blood, this indicates an abortion. During implantation, the appearance of a bloody daub in the third or fourth week is permissible, but they are very scarce and light. With abdominal pain or pulling sensations in the lower back, with an increase in temperature, an abortion may form - you should immediately consult a doctor.

What tests to take

In the first weeks of gestation, planned tests are not yet appointed, as many expectant mothers will find out about their situation later than this date. But one of the tests that can be carried out in this period is a blood test for the level of hCG chorionic gonadotropin, the level of increase of which will reliably talk about the fact of conception. This hormone begins to increase progressively from the second day of implantation of the egg into the uterine wall, and increases approximately twice daily. By the end of the first month, the level of this hormone reaches such a value that can be determined during the test, which is also based on determining the level of hCG. If the data are doubtful, you should wait one to two weeks and repeat the analysis.

Cold and fever

In the early stages, a cold is very undesirable, and expectant mother is completely impossible. The presence of a viral or microbial infection in the first trimester really threatens the further development of pregnancy and can lead to the formation of miscarriages. Often a cold can interfere with the process of implantation, formation or further development of the embryo. According to observations, the development of acute respiratory viral infections in the first month of pregnancy is likely to result in termination of pregnancy and miscarriage. Even before the onset of menstruation, without thinking about the possible onset of pregnancy, a woman treats a cold by resorting to traditional medications. These drugs can extremely negatively affect the development of the fetus and its further existence in general.

In this case, the woman may well take the coming miscarriage as the next menstruation with some delay. - The condition is also no less dangerous if the woman knows about the situation, with delayed menstruation and a positive test. The fears are fully justified - the whole point is that there is an active division of embryonic cells and its formation, and when viruses enter the body, they can significantly disrupt the formation of the future fetus, giving birth defects and deformities incompatible with life. No less actively affect the development of the embryo and many of the drugs that can be used in the treatment of colds and SARS, and without treatment, complications during pregnancy and fetal development are also likely.

Usually in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections and colds in the first month of pregnancy, herbal preparations are usually used, which are prescribed in consultation with the doctor. Some of the medicinal herbs may also be dangerous for pregnant women. Naturally, you need to try to avoid colds during this period, since the immunity of expectant mothers is physiologically reduced. For the prevention of colds, it is worth avoiding crowded places, hardening, strictly observing the regimen of the day and rest, fully eating and consuming fluids, and avoiding communication with people who have signs of a cold.

No less dangerous at the beginning of gestation will be high temperature. Such a property of high temperature during pregnancy is known - to lead to a halt in the development of the fetus and its freezing with a further miscarriage. Also, a fever provokes miscarriages on its own and can lead to abnormalities in the laying of organs and the birth of a child with developmental defects. The difficulty is that most of the antipyretic drugs will be banned for this period of pregnancy, they also negatively affect the fetus. When the temperature rises, it is important to consult a doctor for help, and pregnant women are usually brought down with the help of non-medications - bed rest with a plentiful drink of herbal teas and decoctions, raspberries, linden blossom, weak tea with lemon and honey. But with herbs, as well as with medicines, you need to be very careful - they should not be used without a doctor’s permission. It is important to remember that not only colds, but also many other diseases are accompanied by fever - these can be exacerbations of somatic diseases that require a decision on the fate of the pregnancy.

Stomach ache

The first months of abdominal pain are most dangerous by the development of spontaneous miscarriages, and sometimes it is impossible to prevent them due to the fact that the embryo has heavy chromosomal or gene mutations, pathologies that are incompatible with life and then it is simply “rejected”. This usually occurs in the early stages, when the mother may still not know about joy, and then this is perceived as another menstruation. But often at the end of the first month, signs of miscarriage can already be noticed with positive test results.

Usually in the first month there are no abdominal pains, since pregnancy develops quite normally. With the threat of interruption or a miscarriage that begins, pain occurs in the lower abdomen and lower back, similar to pain during menstruation. This is especially alarming in the presence of spotting or spotting, spasmodic pain or constant pulling pain in the lower abdomen.

There may also be severe abdominal pain arising as a result of an ectopic pregnancy, they are localized in the lower abdomen, closer to one side of the abdomen, increasing in intensity. With such pain, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Diet and Vitamins

In the initial stages, it is very important to eat correctly, since a lot in the conception and development of the baby can depend on the intake of nutrients. With a lack of certain nutrients, pregnancy may simply not develop. On average, the expectant mother in the first month needs 200-300 kcal more than before her, while the calories should be due to protein and plant foods, vegetables and fruits, so that there are no weight gain. Pregnant women need about 2500 kcal per day.

The intake of folic acid is especially important, it is necessary for the proper formation of nerve tissue, it is usually given to pregnant women additionally, as it may be missed in the usual food. Also, its source should also be green vegetables and fruits. Also, in the first month, an additional intake of vitamin E is necessary. It is necessary to give up alcohol, convenience foods and fast foods, products with an abundance of food chemistry at this gestational age, in a word, switch to proper proper nutrition. Strong tea and coffee, sweets and fatty foods, salt and sugar are drastically reduced in nutrition. It is important to eat in small portions and often, avoiding hungry pauses, which will help in the fight against toxicosis. It is also worth increasing the volume of products with calcium - milk and dairy products.

Sex

In the first month, sex is quite acceptable because it is due to intimacy that conception occurs. In addition, for quite a long time, the egg is even outside the uterine cavity, and in no way intimacy, whatever it may be, will affect pregnancy. In addition, an orgasm will contribute to improving blood circulation in the pelvic region and will help to create complete conditions for implantation and further development of the embryo.

The opinions of specialists regarding sex during this period differ - from categorical no, to unconditional yes, and each of the parties will have its own motivation. It is possible to practice intimacy if there are no problems in conception and threats to pregnancy. If this pregnancy is initially problematic, previously there were infertility or miscarriages - it is worth giving up an intimate life for a while.

Watch the video: First Trimester Pregnancy: Everything You Need to Know (February 2020).