Platelets are spherical cell bodies 2-4 micrometers in diameter without a nucleus, which continuously circulate in the circulatory system and are one of the main components of the blood. They have five forms: irritated, degenerative, young, mature and old. Their main function is to form a “plug” to eliminate bleeding in the areas of vascular damage, therefore, the platelet norm in the blood is an important indicator of the functioning of the body. Their second function is the acceleration of plasma coagulation. The lifespan of such cells is about ten days.
What is the normal platelet level in the blood?
Any deviations in the concentration of this indicator should become an important signal for the attending physician, because our body tries to the very last to maintain it within the normal range on its own. If there is an increased content or low level of these cells, then a person has a serious illness or not even the first stage of the disease. In the form, the result is indicated by Platelets or PLT, and the determination of the platelet count in the analyzes is carried out:
- in stained blood smears according to Fonio;
- using a phase contrast device in the counting chamber;
- using hematological analyzers.
There are specific indicators of the normal level of platelets in the blood, and in women it is 180-380 * 10 ^ 9 units per liter. The lower limit may differ from the standard due to regular blood loss in girls during menstruation. The platelet norm during pregnancy is somewhat different and amounts to 150-380 * 10 ^ 9 units per liter. This is due to an increase in blood volume for the child. Such a low indicator in pregnant women is set to simplify the interpretation of the analysis.
In men and children older than one year, the platelet count in the redistribution of the norm is considered to be 180-320 * 10 ^ 9 units per liter, but now the range of 150-400 * 109 / l is considered the norm due to the global deterioration of the state of blood in the population. On the forms it is easy to meet both values and none of them is erroneous. The male norm is different from the female one. which is associated with physiological differences in organisms.
The child has
In newborn children who are not yet a year old, there is an active process of development and death of blood cells, so platelets in infants can be 100-420 * 10 ^ 9 units per liter. The hematopoietic system in them is unstable, which explains such a spread in the lower and upper indicators. For babies older than 10 days, the norm is considered an indicator of 150-350 * 109 / l, and for one-year-old children and older the same norm is adopted as in adults.
Platelets are elevated
Two stages of blood cell growth are distinguished: gradual and critical increase. Under certain conditions, it happens that the platelets in the blood are elevated. There are many reasons for this, but regardless of them, you must consult a doctor to prescribe the appropriate treatment. To determine the basis for the jump in blood cells and diagnosis, the specialist prescribes such studies:
- general urine analysis;
- study on the content of C-reactive protein;
- delivery with an interval of 5 days of 3 tests for platelets;
- examination of the abdominal cavity, pelvic organs using ultrasound;
- blood iron test.
The average platelet volume is increased, which means
Thrombocytosis is characterized by an elevated platelet count, which can be primary and secondary. The first speaks of the presence of blood diseases due to excessively fast cell division associated with the presence of a tumor. The second causes a high level of thrombopoietin production, which accelerates mitosis, endomitosis of megakaryocytes and colony-forming cells. A high level of the indicator can indicate such diseases:
- malignant tumors;
- chronic inflammation.
How to lower
If you or your child have elevated platelets, there are ways to lower this. For example, you can take drugs that contain acetylsalicylic acid. Refuse mangoes, bananas, lentils, nuts, pomegranates - these are products that increase the blood parameter in the formula. Be sure to drink more than two liters of fluid per day to maintain the required amount of water in the body. To reduce the concentration of platelets will help the preparation of dishes from the following products:
- green tea;
- fish fat;
- garlic and onions.
A healthy and measured lifestyle is beneficial for everyone. To get rid of bad habits, to avoid stressful situations whenever possible, it is also necessary to get enough sleep for those who have platelets below the norm. It is contraindicated to engage in active sports, where there is a possibility of injury. To determine the disease that led to thrombocytopenia, almost always prescribed:
- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
- blood coagulation test;
- analysis to determine the presence of antibodies in the blood;
- examination for the presence of tumors, liver or spleen density using ultrasound;
- genetic research.
Causes of Low Platelets
- Leukemia, anemia.
- Bone marrow lesions.
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, exposure to heavy metal salts.
- Infectious diseases.
- Hereditary low level of this indicator.
- Temporary decrease, if the girl is pregnant, during menstruation.
- Abnormalities in platelet consumption in DIC, purpura, frequent bleeding, hemodialysis.
- Due to the use of drugs, for example, prednisone, estrogens, psychotropics, diuretics, etc.
How to level up
There are several ways to increase platelets (red plates) if a general clinical blood test has found that they are few. One option is a special diet that will help cure thrombocytopenia. Here it must be said that your nutrition will be truly “royal”, because in order to increase the rate and stimulate their production, it is necessary to introduce products that increase platelets:
- eggs, cheese;
- red meat;
- pate, sausage and rich broths;
- beef liver;
- all kinds of greens;
- buckwheat porridge;
- bananas, rosehip juice, apples, nuts, rowan berries;
- all varieties of fish.
With platelets below the norm, treatment with pharmacological drugs that your doctor prescribes after determining the cause of the disease is also mandatory. During therapy, Derinat, Sodecor, Etamsylate are often prescribed, and in the presence of a large number of blood cells of a degenerative form, platelet transfusion is used.
Video: What do high and low platelets in the blood mean?
Cells with this name perform an important function in the human body, and the deviation of their number from normal becomes an alarming symptom. Both adults and children are subject to increase or decrease in concentration, which becomes a sign of the development or already presence of the disease. In the video below, you can see what low or high platelets mean.Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.